The purpose of this chapter is to enable the Government of the United States to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries by means of educational and cultural exchange; to strengthen the ties which unite us with other nations by demonstrating the educational and cultural interests, developments, and achievements of the people of the United States and other nations, and the contributions being made toward a peaceful and more fruitful life for people throughout the world; to promote international cooperation for educational and cultural advancement; and thus to assist in the development of friendly, sympathetic, and peaceful relations between the United States and the other countries of the world.
The J1 Internship gives current or recent graduates an opportunity to enhance their knowledge and skills in their chosen career field. By means of a structured and guided "work-based" training, it aims to give international participants exposure to American techniques, methodologies, standards of service and the management style for which the US Luxury Hospitality is best known for.
The Summer "Work and Travel" program provides paid 'working holiday' opportunities throughout the U.S. territory. It takes place during your summer vacations from school and it gives you a chance to experience the culture and daily life in the U.S. We feel confident that your work & travel (working holiday) opportunities in the U.S. will greatly contribute to your lifelong personal and professional growth. The Summer Work & Travel program can last from 1 to 4 months. Extensions are not permitted.
All you need to participate is to be currently enrolled in a post-secondary academic institution and to be between the age of 18 and 35 years old.
Completing a training program in a foreign country can sometimes be difficult and frustrating. The following suggestions are intended to help you adjust to the culture shock of living in the United States for an extended period. Be open-minded: expect that things will be done differently here than the way they are done in your home country. Give yourself time to adjust, adapt, and learn about how things are done in your host culture.
Being on time (punctual) is always important. This usually means showing up a little early (5 or 10 minutes), especially at interviews and meetings.
It is an acceptable practice in the U.S. to discuss problems you are having at work with your supervisor. Approach him/her in a calm and polite manner and explain your concerns. If you feel the objectives of your internship are not being met, refer to your Internship Agreement Form.
As a trainee/Intern, your employer is not required to provide you with the same benefits that regular employees receive. These include vacations, sick leave, medical insurance, etc.
Your salary is called wages or pay. There are no minimum or maximum restrictions on how much interns/trainees can earn. You should be receiving the remuneration indicated on your Internship Agreement form. You will always receive less than your gross salary (what you agreed upon). Money will be subtracted from your gross salary for taxes.
Depending on your agreement with your employer, you might also have uniform, housing, or other costs deducted from your pay.
Housing: As in other countries, rents depend on states and cities. It will certainly be cheaper in small towns than in New York, which is well known to be one of the worse place to find an affordable apartment! Most students and young professionals coming in the United States for a few months prefer to share an apartment instead of living by their own.
Finance: When arriving in the United States, you should open a bank account as soon as possible. When you first go to the bank, bring various forms of identification, including your passport and social security number.
Currency: The basic unit of currency is the dollar ($1). Coins are in the values of one cent (or a penny), 5 cents (a nickel), 10 cents (a dime), 25 cents (a quarter), and 50 cents (a half dollar). Bills (cash) are printed in the value of $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100.
By Bus: Buses have always been an inexpensive and popular way to travel around the U.S. You should be aware that bus stops are not always located in the most populated areas of town. Be careful about going to a bus stop late at night if it is in an isolated area.
By Metro: Most of big cities in USA as New York and Los Angeles have metro (subway). Very convenient, this transport can be dangerous at nighttime, be careful!
By Train:Train is not a common way of traveling in the United States. Amtrak, the national railroad, offers a rail pass similar to Interail.
By Car:For many Americans, traveling by car is the most common way of transportation. Most cities do not have a well-developed public transportation system and access to a car may be a necessity. In order to drive legally in the United States, you should have both a driver's license from your home country as well as an international driving license. Some states may require only that you carry the license from your home country, although it is highly advisable that you carry an international permit.
Car Rentals:Generally, car rental companies require you to be at least 21 years of age and possess at least one major credit card. In most cases, unless you are at least 25 years old, you will have to pay an additional fee. When renting a car, make sure you clearly understand the terms of the agreement before you sign anything.
Drugs: Illegal possession of controlled substances (drugs) in the United States is subject to prosecution by law. The penalties for drug possession vary from state to state and region to region.
Alcohol: Please be aware of U.S. drinking laws, which state that you must be 21 years old and over to drink legally. In many regions, you will be asked to produce picture identification to prove you are of legal drinking age.
Smoking: There are several national and local regulations regarding smoking in public places. Smoking is banned on all domestic air flights and will eventually be prohibited on all flights, domestic and international. Smoking is restricted in many office buildings and restaurants and is usually prohibited on public transportation. Look around before you light a cigarette.
Health Insurance: There is no National Health insurance in the U.S. This is why the United States Information Agency (USIA) requires that all exchange visitors have insurance meeting their standards. The insurance you will purchase with your DS 2019 will have to be designed to meet these USIA requirements. If a doctor treats you, you may have to pay the bills first and then file a claim with your insurance company for reimbursement. If you have a major accident or illness and cannot pay your medical costs up front, contact your insurance company as soon as possible.
Hospitals, Clinics and Emergency rooms:Medical fees will depend on the doctor, the type of facility, and its location in the country. You should use these facilities for emergencies only as they tend to be expensive. The consulate of your country may also be able to provide a list of approved physicians.
Medecine:If you require medicine containing controlled drugs or narcotics (e.g., heart medication, sleeping pills, or stimulants), you should have each of these products properly packaged and labeled. You should also have a statement or prescription from your doctor translated into English indicating that the medicine is being used under the orders of a doctor and is necessary for your physical well being.
All local phone numbers in the U.S. are comprised of a 3-digit area code plus seven digits. For example our local phone number is 323-385-2829.
In restaurants it is customary to tip the waiter 15% of your bill.
1 mile = 1.6 km 1 foot = 30.48 cm
1 pound = 0.45 kg 1 gallon = 3.791 L
1 cup = 0.241 68 F = 20 C
1 yard = 0.91 m 1 inch = 2.54 cm
1 ounce = 28.35 g 1 quart = 0.95 L
32 F = 0 C 95 F = 35 C
The United States electrical system uses 110 volts, 60 hertz (cycles). You will need to purchase a transformer and plug adapter that can handle the wattage of the particular appliance you will be using.